Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea Othello, by William Shakespeare, illustrates how jealousy and prejudice motivate people throughout it’s telling.
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas Many of Shakespeare’s characters in Othello are motivated by their jealousy or enmity of others. This covetousness and detestation leads to betrayal amongst people who should be allies.
- Explanation of ideas Shakespeare continually displays what jealousy and hatred can make a person do. Some are prejudiced towards the protagonist, Othello, because he is black. Others hate Othello for the decisions he’s made or because they envy him for who he loves.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea A common theme in Othello is how jealousy and prejudice can control one’s motivation and strike a wedge between people, making them do terrible things.
- No opinions
- No I, you, me, my, our, we, us, your
- attribute idea to author
- no plot summary
- in your own words
- only in third person
- Supporting ideas, no quotes
- make an argument: In act one of Othello by William Shakespeare Iago plans the downfall of Othello by using his allies against him.
- take a position: (correctly/incorrectly portrayed)In this first act Shakespeare brilliantly depicts the acts of jealousy and betrayal through Iago, one of Othello’s most trusted military advisors. Who turns others against Othello because he did not receive a promotion that went to another one of Othello’s men.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
- Claim 1: Iago hates Othello and will stop at nothing to make him miserable
- Iago commits to these acts of betrayal in the first scene of act one when he says “I am not what I am.”(Shakespeare 1.1.71 ) By stating this to Roderigo, one of Iago’s pawns, he alerts the reader that there is more to his personality than meets the eye.
- For while Iago discusses how to turn Othello’s wife Desdemona to Roderigo, he states “I hate the Moor.” (Shakespeare 1.3.429 ) Iago says this out of pure jealousy for Michael Cassio whom has taken the position of lieutenant that Iago believes should be his.
- Counterclaim 1: However, Iago show signs of comradery with Othello as he stills obeys orders as a soldier should, in addition he dissuades Roderigo from killing himself.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” “If thou dost (drown thyself) I shall never love thee after. Why, thou silly gentleman!”(Shakespeare 1.3.348-349)
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim:By using his words to save the life of a sorrowful Roderigo Iago shows his caring side. He wants revenge and will do anything to get it, but he does not want the blood of an innocent man on his hands. Iago proves that he does have a conscience buried deep within him, and that he is not completely ruled by his hatred of Othello.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use rebuttal progression
- A common view in Othello is that Iago is not all evil, but he is. Even when it seems as if he is empathetic, Iago only acts that way to progress his plan of vengeance. This behavior is not reflective of his true purpose throughout the story.It cannot be denied that this claim has backing though, Iago certainly seems like a sane indivdual with a grasp on his situation but he is not. It may appear like Iago is kind and compassionate when he only is concerned for his own well being. Therefore on the surface Iago seems like all the other characters in the story but is more like a complex puzzle with no edges and five extra pieces.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- In conclusion a brief way of explaining Act 1 would be Iago stakes his claim as an evil genius and Othello is betrayed by those he trusts.